E-ISSN 2602-3164
EJMI. 2022; 6(3): 346-351 | DOI: 10.14744/ejmi.2022.39430

Seroprevalence and Risk Factors of Syphilis Coinfection in People Living with HIV

Ozlem Aydin1, Yasemin Cag2, Pinar Ergen1, Fatma Yilmaz Karadag1, Handan Ankarali3
1Department of Infectious Diseases, Istanbul Medeniyet University Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, 2Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Istanbul, Turkey, 3Department of Biostatistics, Istanbul Medeniyet University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey

Objectives: This study aimed to determine syphilis coinfection prevalence in people living with HIV (PLHIV) and risk factors for coinfection. Methods: This single-center retrospective cohort study screened PLHIV who were monitored in our center between March 2000 and February 2020 via the hospitalís database and analyzed them by grouping as TPHA-positive and TPHAnegative. TPHA positivity was considered as indicative of Treponema pallidum exposure. Results: The study included 474 PLHIV of whom median age (IQR) was 37 (30-47), and 429 (90.5%) were male. Of the male participants, 206 (47.9%) were MSM. The syphilis coinfection rate was 30.2% (143/474). Among the participants with syphilis coinfection, 80 (16.9%) were found to be coinfected with syphilis at the time of their HIV diagnosis, while 63 (13.3%) got infected with syphilis at a median (IQR) time of 60 (36-84) months into their HIV follow-up and treatment. Syphilis coinfection was related to being male (p<0.001), MSM (p=0.008) and single (p=0.007). Regular condom use was inversely related to syphilis coinfection (p=0.002). Conclusion: HIV and syphilis have similar transmission routes, and HIV and syphilis coinfection is common among men, MSM and people who do not use condoms. PLHIV should be tested regularly for syphilis and informed about risky sexual behaviors and protection methods. Keywords: Coinfection, human immunodeficiency virus, syphilis

Cite This Article

Aydin O, Cag Y, Ergen P, Karadag F, Ankarali H. Seroprevalence and Risk Factors of Syphilis Coinfection in People Living with HIV. EJMI. 2022; 6(3): 346-351

Corresponding Author: Ozlem Aydin

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