Objectives: Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation or ECMO, currently is a life-saving intervention in patients with severe respiratory and cardiac failures. The aim of the present bibliometric study was to evaluate the characteristics of the most influential articles on ECMO. Methods: In the retrospective clinical study, the search term “ECMO” was queried into Thomson Reuter’s Web of Science database between years 1975-2019 to list all the articles on this term. The top 100 cited articles were analyzed by topic, journal, author, year, institution, level of evidence, Adjusted Citation Index. Results: Out of screened 46.606 articles on ECMO, an analysis of the most cited articles among these results was performed. The analyzed articles had a median (IQR) 109 (82-1273) citation. Out of Top 100 cited articles, 58 of them had more than 100 citations. There was an increasing trend in number of publications on ECMO between years 2009-2014. In the Top 100cited articles list, 94 were clinical research studies, 5 were reviews and 1 article was an expert commitee report. The majority of the clinical research articles were retrospective comparative clinical studies (n=37). The majority of the articles were published in the Intensive Care Medicine (n=15) and was followed by Annals of Thoracic Surgery (n=11) and Circulation (n=7). Conclusion: Although ECMO currently is defined as an effective life supporting tool for patients with reversible cardiac and pulmonary failure; there has been tremendous differences since the first use of ECMO in means of technology and indicated diseases as well as patient groups over time. Keywords: Bibliometric analysis, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
Corresponding Author: Koc S.