Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It occurs when myocardial ischemia, a diminished blood supply to the heart, exceeds a critical threshold and overwhelms myocardial cellular repair mechanisms designed to maintain normal operating function and homeostasis. This review highlights risk factors that are responsible for the onset of AMI. Among the most important are physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol consumption, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and obesity. Hence, management of these risk factors is important in order to prevent the development of AMI, and should also be taken into consideration during the treatment of AMI.
Corresponding Author: Rathore V.