Objectives: This study was designed to test the correlation of the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) with the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in the estimation of the presence of gestational diabetes. Methods: In this prospective study, FINDRISC diabetes risk scoring was performed between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy among patients referred to the outpatient clinic for gestational diabetes screening. Patients who had a one-step or a two-step OGTT test were included in the study. The diagnostic decision-making characteristics of the FINDRISC score to predict gestational diabetes were analyzed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: The mean total FINDRISC score of all patients was 5.99±4.64 (possible score: 0-17) and the total FINDRISC score was 8.02±4.25 in patients with gestational diabetes. ROC analysis using a FINDRISC total score limit value of 6.5 revealed a sensitivity of 65.3%, a specificity of 90.4%, a positive predictive value of 91.2%, and a negative predictive value of 62.7% (area under the curve=0.831; p<0.01) for the detection of gestational diabetes. Conclusion: The FINDRISC score is a simple, inexpensive, and non-invasive test used to predict gestasyonel diabetes. It should be calculated for pregnant women who do not want to have the OGTT performed, and those scoring above 6.5 should be closely monitored for gestational diabetes.
Corresponding Author: Zafer Pekkolay