Objectives: To retrospectively evaluate the peritonitis and its peritoneal dialysis related causes in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) and to identify the causes that are active in the prognosis of peritonitis. Methods: Blood parameters and dialysate fluids of patients who received peritoneal dialysis due to CRF between June 2006 and January 2011 for CRF were evaluated retrospectively. Results: While the most common cause of coagulase negative staphylococci was isolated, it was determined that the most common complaints were abdominal pain and nausea, and the most common examination findings were abdominal tenderness, fever and turbidity. In addition, it was identified that patients with low albumin levels had longer hospitalization periods (p=0.04). Conclusion: Peritonitis is still a major cause of mortality and morbidity in peritoneal dialysis patients. Tuberculous and fungal peritonitis should be considered in treatment-resistant cases. Since the prognosis and hospitalization times are longer in patients with low albumin levels, albumin levels are an important parameter in these patients. Keywords: Chronic renal failure, peritonitis
Corresponding Author: Kut E.